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Whoosh [hwoosh, hwoosh, woosh, woosh] noun 1. a loud, rushing noise, as of air or water: a great whoosh as the door opened. verb (used without object) 2. to move swiftly with a gushing or hissing noise: gusts of wind whooshing through the trees. verb (used with object) 3. to move (an object, a person, etc.) with a whooshing motion or sound: The storm whooshed the waves over the road. Also, woosh. Origin: 1840-1850; imit.

Pulsatile tinnitus is a rhythmical noise that is synchronous with the patient's heartbeat.

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Hyperacusis: Sensitivity to Sound

Does the sound of someone stacking dishes in the same room seem louder since your pulsatile tinnitus began?

What about the television volume... have you found yourself asking someone next to you to lower the volume, when it seems low enough to the other person? 

Is the sound so loud it annoys you, like fingernails on a chalkboard?   

It's bad enough to deal with and manage the pulsing heartbeat sound of pulsatile tinnitus, but for some of us, the pulsing sound is accompanied by hyperacusis.   

According to the Hyperacusis Network, hyperacusis is "a collapsed tolerance to normal environmental sounds."  For people who suffer from hyperacusis, "the volume on the whole world seems stuck on high."

For the most part, hyperacusis is still a mystery.  Many medical centers around the world study the relationship between tinnitus and hyperacusis.  Some say as many as 40% of tinnitus sufferers experience some level of hyperacusis, and when present, hyperacusis should be treated with the tinnitus. 

Researchers, like the University of Iowa's Tinnitus Clinic, study hyperacusis.  If you are experiencing hyperacusis, please take a few minutes to fill out their survey here.

Do pulsatile tinnitus sufferers sometimes experience hyperacusis, too?  If you are a whoosher and you experience hyperacusis, please leave a comment below. 

Thanks!

WhooshEr

Fri, April 30, 2010 | link          Comments

"In Pursuit of Silence," by George Prochnik

The New York Times recently reviewed the book, "In Pursuit of Silence," by George Prochnik. Needless to say, as a pulsatile tinnitus sufferer, the title hooked me in.  

Mr. Prochnick's premise explores the question: What is silence?  He finds a very quiet place in Iowa "so quiet," he says, some find it physically impossible to stay. 

Now I gotta tell ya, since my pulsatile tinnitus set in over a year ago, I've longed and longed for that place, so the thought of a place TOO quiet baffles me.  But it interests me.  As much as tinnitus bothers us, are some people just as bothered by silence?  Why so?  And is silence, something we all seem to desire, really what we need to thrive?

The reviewer's brief personal anecdote is a fascinating aspect of the review.  In the first paragraph, she briefly explains that she is deaf but she can still hear sound.  She describes it as "deep space sounds, a hollow hum that washes in and fades away, changes in pitch and volume."  Interesting (and similar to some pulsatile tinnitus sounds, right?).  This person, whom we all think should know silence, only really knows *her* form of silence. 

And just when my thoughts started brewing, I was even more intrigued by the tinnitus sufferer whose letter was printed in response to the book review.  In sum, the tinnitus sufferer accepts the constant noise. 

That's the key: acceptance.  And acceptance doesn't mean giving in or "living with it."  Unlike regular tinnitus, pulsatile tinnitus causes can often be identified.  But until we each find the cause and remedy for our whooshes, we can try to accept it for what it is now and find our new silence. 

Before pulsatile tinnitus I would pick up books like this in two seconds and plop on the couch in a quiet room to read.  There *would* be other noises around though, even in the quiet room, in that old silence. 

Mr. Prochnik explores this silence-that's-not-so-silent. Maybe true silence is not what we need or want. 

What is silence?     

Tue, April 27, 2010 | link          Comments

Poll Results: Do You Experience Pain with the Whooshing Noise?

81%  No

19%  Yes

Total Votes: 36

Tue, April 20, 2010 | link          Comments

A Tinnitus Supplements Skeptic

There is so much to say on the topic of tinnitus supplements and the voracious ad campaigns supporting them.  Check out this recent LA Times article titled, "Do Claims For Tinnitus Supplements Ring True?"  

The article addresses supplements for nonpulsatile tinnitus, but there are also quite a few supplements out there targeted specifically to sufferers of pulsatile tinnitus.  Have you seen them?  

It's one thing for a manufacturer to claim that a supplement alleviates some symptoms associated with pulsatile tinnitus -- like anxiety, sleeplessness, etc.  I actually believe that some supplements out there may help in that regard; to their credit, there are supplements that make this distinction clear.  But those that claim to CURE pulsatile tinnitus?  If you've made a pulsatile tinnitus cure in a bottle, seems to me you should be preparing your acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Medicine instead of writing elaborate ads on Google.  

Unfortunately, my challenge to companies that produce supplements that "cure" pulsatile tinnitus has not been answered.  In the meantime, my opinion remains that many desperate tinnitus sufferers --pulsatile AND nonpulsatile-- are being duped when they buy these supplement "cures."  

As I've mentioned before, I would love to be proved wrong.  And my offer still stands: if you are a supplement manufacturer and you have proof that your product cures pulsatile tinnitus, write whooshers@gmail.com with endorsements from the medical community and pulsatile tinnitus patients, and I'll devote this Web site to your praises.  Until then, I don't believe you. 

Have any of you tried any supplements, particularly the ones advertised to alleviate or "cure" pulsatile tinnitus symptoms? Did they have any effect?  Are you a doctor who sometimes recommends certain supplements to your pulsatile tinnitus patients?  Don't be afraid to leave your comments below!  You can help other whooshers out there.  

WhooshEr

Mon, April 19, 2010 | link          Comments

Pulsatile Tinnitus Answers, One Whoosh At A Time

Have you been whooshing for a long time?

Have doctors hurried you out of their offices or told you to "live with it?"

Are you unsure whether dangerous causes of your pulsatile tinnitus have been properly ruled out?

Have you given up on ever hearing sweet, sweet silence again?  

Do you need inspiration to get to the bottom of your pulsatile tinnitus?

Yes?

Well, take a look at this Whoosher update by Blondie, from her blog, Tales From Clark Street

Sat, April 17, 2010 | link          Comments

Where In The World Do You Whoosh?

Hello, Whooshers!  Check out the new Whooshers.com Whooshers Map

If you haven't already, please let us know (anonymously) where you whoosh, so we can tag you on the map!

Click the "Comments" link below this post, type in your country, state/province (or follow the alternative directions in the link above), and we'll tag your location on the map ASAP!

There are a lot of us out there!

Mon, April 12, 2010 | link          Comments

Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Symptom of an Injury?

Pulsatile tinnitus is a medical mystery.  Some of us wake up one day and hear the whooshing.  Out of the blue.  No warning.

Some of us, however, may hold more clues than we think.  

At one time or another, all of us think about the day before we started whooshing -- many of us long for that quiet day!  But, did anything unusual happen that day?  The week before?  Were there any warning signs? 

Some of us can't recall anything unusual from those "days before," but some of us experience the whooshing after we hurt ourselves while moving something heavy or while playing a sport.  Some of us had a bad chiropractic adjustment, hurt our neck in a car accident or felt kind of weird after a new yoga routine. Some of us experienced vertigo and think maybe that was related to the onset of pulsatile tinnitus.    

Is your whooshing accompanied by pain (see this week's Whooshers poll!)?  Do you get vertigo?  Can injuries that occured just prior to the onset of pulsatile tinnitus provide clues about and treatment for the whooshing?

The answer, for some of us, is YES.  In this article, which we posted last year, a pulsatile tinnitus sufferer describes his experience with a brief, sharp pain and whooshing.  A dissection of his carotid artery was isolated and he was treated, but only after seeing several doctors who told him (mistakenly) what many of us have heard before: it's tinnitus, there's no cure, so live with it.  Isn't it amazing how EASY it is for some doctors to say that?

Of course, each of us is different, and in a room full of pulsatile tinnitus sufferers, it's possible for each person to have a different whoosh cause.  But the point is, stories like this should encourage us to tell our doctors about accompanying pain or other symptoms, and to find doctors who are willing to consider and explore the POSSIBILITY that we may know more about the onset of our whoosh than what may show up on an MRI, MRA or other test. Injuries, pain, and unusual feelings like vertigo may provide clues!

Whooshers.com received the email below from a Whoosher looking for insight... can you help her?

Back in the summer of 2007, I went to see my current chiro for a neck adjustment because of a migraine headache. I have been using chiropractic for my migraine relief for many years, after the adjustment, on a Saturday afternoon, I went home and felt fine. On Monday morning I woke up with vertigo. I had never had it before and I thought I was still asleep dreaming! The room was spinning.

Anyway, I went right back to my chiro the same day for an adjustment. He never took responsibility for the vertigo at all. I had it for two and a half weeks. During that time I saw my regular physician, who sent me to a neurologist, who checked me for vertigo, which I had still, and then scheduled a MRI and MRA of the head and neck, with and without contrast, and a Doppler of my carotid arteries. All tests checked out okay. Then I had some physical therapy with massage, use of a TENS machine, and acupuncture. Well time and money won out with that.

A few weeks after the vertigo stopped, as I was watching television, I started to hear a pulsing in my ear! It hasnt stopped since! I have seen ENTs (my hearing is perfect), doctors who are still stumped, chiros, pain doctors. Had another round of MRI and MRA, all negative. Another Doppler of the carotids, negative again. I have had muscle pain in my shoulder for many years due to a work injury.  I used chiropractic for discomfort then and now. I am told that I have soft tissue damage that cannot be repaired. The pulsing is on the same side as my shoulder pain.  My current chiro thinks that the shoulder pain and the pulsing are related. He says that it has something to do with the Mastoid bone and the muscle running up behind my ear.

The doctors are stumped and say maybe I should go to Mayo Clinic. Besides the shoulder pain, and the constant whooshing, I am fine. I think I'd rather have the shoulder pain forever then have the whooshing! It makes me feel so depressed because nothing makes it go away! I take Xanax three times a day and propranolol at night to try to get better sleep and to prevent headaches. I'm at my wits end!

Does anyone else ever complain about sore muscles or muscle spasms that also run along the side of their neck and up behind their ear to cause pulsing??

Fri, April 9, 2010 | link          Comments

Poll Results: I am a Whoosher and my age range is:

0%     16-18  (zero votes)

10%   19-25  (9 votes)

21%   16-32  (18 votes)

15%   33-39  (13 votes)

13%   40-47  (11 votes)

11%   48-54  (10 votes)

22%   55-64  (19 votes)

7%     65+    (6 votes)

1%     Other  (1 vote)

Total Votes: 87

Thanks for voting!  Please participate in the latest Whooshers.com poll.

Thu, April 8, 2010 | link          Comments

Hope for the Whooshers: An Update, by Blondie

Dear Whooshers,

Yesterday, I had an MRI/MRA and visited with a doctor about my whoosh. I don't want to monopolize whooshers.com with my giant post about it, so click here to read the story on my personal blog.

Even though it might be difficult to get Ms. Whoosher to post this part, I want to give a huge shout-out of praise to the owner of this site for bringing together so much information. Collectively, I think we are discovering so many clues to the sources of our whooshing. We're also finding friends and company for our misery. Ha! But in all seriousness, we love getting your emails and hearing your stories. And thank you, readers, for letting us tell our tales.

So wherever you are, lift your coffee or soda or beer and cheer with me. We are brave, interesting souls. We whoosh. We whoosh LOUDLY. But that doesn't mean we have to give in to it. We will conquer these whooshes one heartbeat at a time. And if we don't, at least we have each other.

Yours in the Whoosh,

Blondie

Many thanks to Blondie, for her kind words and courage to share her experience, and to ALL the whooshers out there who share their stories with us! 

Please keep the emails coming: whooshers@gmail.com!

WhooshEr

Tue, April 6, 2010 | link          Comments


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RESOURCES

NEW: Click Here to Download the PDF, "Top Ten Pulsatile Tinnitus Tips for Doctors." Review it with your GPs and ENTs!

Radiation Dose Chart - American Nuclear Society (ANS) Public Information Resources Page: Click here for an interactive dose chart for various medical diagnostic tests. A downloadable and printable version is also available on this page. Discuss with your doctors.

Find a Neurotologist: American Neurotological Society (ANS) Membership Roster

Find a Neurointervention Specialist: Society of Neurointerventional Surgery (SNIS)- Click on "Physician Locator"

Find a Neuro-Ophthalmologist: The North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society (NANOS)

Site: Neuroangio.org - Your neurovascular education and information resource. Patient Information.

UCSF Pulsatile Tinnitus Clinic

Blog: Tales From Clark Street

Presentation: "Algorithm for Evaluation of Rhythmic Tinnitus," Douglas E Mattox, MD, Patricia Hudgins, MD, Jahrsdoerfer Lecture, University of Virginia, March 25, 2010. (This link is to the abstract/summary)

Presentation: "Imaging of the Patient with Tinnitus," Mary Beth Cunnane MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Dec 2013. (NEW! Mentions Pulsatile Tinnitus and Whooshers.com. Republished with Permission.)

Article: "Imaging in Pulsatile Tinnitus: Diagnostic Pearls and Potential Pitfalls," B. S. Purohit, R. Hermans, K. Op de beeck; 1SINGAPORE/SG, 2Leuven/BE, European Society of Radiology, 2014.

Article: "Imaging In Pulsatile Tinnitus : When Should It Ring A Bell?" G. Bathla1, V. Chong; 1singapore/SG, 2Singapore/SG, European Society of Radiology, 2012."

Article: "Emma's Story," A Personal Account of Pulsatile Tinnitus, The British Tinnitus Association (BTA).

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus: Contemporary Assessment and Management," Aristides Sismanis, Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery: October 2011 - Volume 19 - Issue 5 - p 348357 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0b013e3283493fd8, Otology and neuro-otology: Edited by Myles L. Pensak.

Article: "Temporal Bone: Vascular Tinnitus," William W.M. Lo and M. Marcel Maya, Vascular, pp.1361-1374, 2003.

Article: "Diagnostic Clues in Pulsatile Tinnitus (Somatosounds)," Carlos Herraiza and José Miguel Aparicioa, Unidad de Acúfenos; Instituto ORL Antolí-Candela, Madrid, Spain; Unidad de Otorrinolaringología, Fundación Hospital Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain; Otorrinolaringología, Hospital Quirón, Madrid, Spain, Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2007;58(9):426-33. This is a link to the article abstract.

Article: "How I Struggled with (PULSATILE) Tinnitus," The Story of Actor Graham Cole, Daily Mail Online, January 10, 2007.

Article: "I Got Lifesaving OP for Whooshing Thanks to US Help," David Powell, Daily Post UK, DPW West, Feb 19, 2013.

Article: "Vital Signs: An Unwelcome Ringing," by Dr. Christopher Linstrom, Discover Magazine, April 2010. (About a cured patient with pulsatile tinnitus symptoms!)

Article: "Tinnitus Highlights Poor Doctor Patient Communication," Martin Young, MBChB, FCS(SA), Diagnosis and Treatment, KevinMd.Com, November 2010.

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus: Recent Advances in Diagnosis," Aristides Sismanis MD, Wendy R. K. Smoker, MD, The Laryngoscope, Volume 104, Issue 6, pages 681-688, June 1994. ABSTRACT (Summary)

Article: "Neuroradiologic Assessment of Pulsatile Tinnitus," Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL: Dr Kircher and Dr Leonetti; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI: Dr Standring; Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, Chicago, IL. Sept. 22-24, 2008. (CLICKING THIS LINK WILL DOWNLOAD THE PDF FILE)

Article: "Imaging of Tinnitus: A Review," Jane L. Weissman, MD and Barry E. Hirsch, MD, Radiology, August 2000.

Article: "Imaging in Pulsatile Tinnitus," G. Madania and S.E.J. Connor, Clinical Radiology, Volume 64, Issue 3, Pages 319-328 (March 2009).

Article: "Imaging of the Patient With Tinnitus," Mary Beth Cunnane MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, December 31, 2013. (NEW! Mentions Whooshers.com and PULSATILE tinnitus as well.)

Article: "Imaging of Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Review of 74 Patients," Guner Sonmez, C Cinar Basekim, Ersin Ozturk, Atilla Gungor, Esref Kizilkaya, Clinical Imaging, Volume 31, Issue 2, Pages 102-108 (March 2007). (This is an abstract/summary-you have to pay to see the article in its entirety)

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Review of 84 Patients," Daniel Waldvogel, Heinrich P. Mattle, Matthias Sturzenegger and Gerhard Schroth, Journal of Neurology, Volume 245, Number 3, 137-142, DOI: 10.1007/s004150050193, November 12, 1997.

Article: "Role of Angiography in the Evaluation of Patients With Pulsatile Tinnitus," Edward J. Shin, MD; Anil K. Lalwani, MD; Christopher F. Dowd, MD, Laryngoscope 110: November 2000. (PDF FILE)

Article: "Angioplasty and Stenting for Intractable Pulsatile Tinnitus Caused by Dural Venous Sinus Stenosis: A Case Series Report," Li Baomin, Shi Yongbing, and Cao Xiangyu, Dept of Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, Otol Neurotol. 35.366-370. Dec 2014.

Article: "CT Angiography as a Screening Tool for Dural Arteriovenous Fistula in Patients with Pulsatile Tinnitus: Feasibility and Test Characteristics," J. Narvid, H.M. Do, N.H. Blevins and N.J. Fishbein, American Journal of Neuroradiology 32:446-453, March 2011.

Article: "Brain Dural Arteriovenous Fistula (BDAVF)," Patient Information, www.NeuroAngio.org

Article: "Usefulness of C-Arm Cone-Beam Computed Tomography in Endovascular Treatment of Traumatic Carotid Cavernous Fistulas: A Technical Case Report," Sato, Kenichi MD, PhD; Matsumoto, Yasushi MD; Kondo, Ryushi MD, PhD; Tominaga, Teiji MD, PhD, Neurosurgery: August 2010 - Volume 67 - Issue 2 - p 467470.

Article (Abstract): "A Convenient Sonographic Technique for Diagnosis of Pulsatile Tinnitus Induced by a High Jugular Bulb," The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Minoru Nakagawa, MD, Norimitsu Miyachi, MLT and Kenjiro Fujiwara, MD, Department of Neurosurgery (M.N., K.F.) and Clinical Laboratory (N.M.), Kosei General Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan, J Ultrasound Med 27:139-140 0278-4297, 2008.

Article: "Surgical Treatment of the High Jugular Bulb in Patients with Ménières Disease and Pulsatile Tinnitus," V. Couloigner, A. Bozorg Grayeli, D. Bouccara, N. Julien and O. Sterkers, European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology Volume 256, Number 5, 224-229, DOI: 10.1007/s004050050146 (ABSTRACT)

Article: "Brain AVM," (arteriovenous malformation), MayoClinic.com

Article: "Chiari Malformation," MayoClinic.com

Article: "Ménière's Disease," National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)

Article: "TMJ Disorders," MayoClinic.com

Article: "Anemia," American Society of Hematology, Hemotology.org

Article: "Pseudotumor Cerebri," (also called Benign Intracranial Hypertension) MayoClinic.com

Article: "Pulse-Synchronous Tinnitus," The Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation

Article: "Coarctation of the Aorta," MayoClinic.com

Article: "Man Cured of Hearing His Eyeballs Move," www.bbc.co.uk, July 27, 2011. Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome (SCDS)

Article: "Diagnosis and Cure of Venous Hum Tinnitus," Laryngoscope, Chandler JR, 93(7):892-5, July 1983.

Article: (Abstract) "Sinus Wall Reconstruction for Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum and Dehiscence: A Standardized Surgical Procedure for a Range of Radiographic Findings," Dr. DJ Eisenman, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Otology Neurotology, 32(7):1116-9; September 2011.

Article: (Abstract) "Awake Embolization of Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum Causing Pulsatile Tinnitus: Simultaneous Confirmative Diagnosis and Treatment," Park YH, Kwon HJ, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, Interv Neuroradiol. 2011 Sep;17(3):376-9. Epub 2011 Oct 17. (NEW!)

Article: "A New Therapeutic Procedure for Treatment of Objective Venous Pulsatile Tinnitus," Sanchez TG, Murao M, Medeiros HRT, Kii M, Bento RF, Caldas JG, et al. Int Tinnitus J. 2002;8(1):54-57.

Article: "Glomus Tympanicum," The New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 362:e66, Number 22, June 3, 2010.

Article: "Resolution of Pulsatile Tinnitus Following an Upper Mediastinal Lymph Node Resection," Wang YZ, Boudreaux JP, Campeau RJ, Woltering EA, South Med J. 2010 Apr;103(4):374-7.

Article: (Abstract) "Dissection of the Internal Carotid Artery After SCUBA-Diving: A Case Report and Review of the Literature," Franz Hafner, MD,* Thomas Gary, MD,* Froehlich Harald, MD,* Ernst Pilger,* Reinhard Groell, PD,w and Marianne, Brodmann* "Neurologist. 17(2):79-82, March 2011. (NEW!)

Article: "Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula," Bobby S. Korn, M.D., Ph.D., and Kang Zhang, M.D., Ph.D., N Engl J Med 2011; 364:e15, February, 24, 2011. (WARNING: GRAPHIC IMAGES)

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus Cured by Mastoidectomy," Duvillard C, Ballester M, Redon E, Romanet P., Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hôpital Général, Dijon, France, Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol, September 2004.

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Symptom of Chronic Subclavian Artery Occlusion," Marcio Francisco Lehmann, Charbel Mounayer, Goetz Benndorf, Michel Piotin, and Jacques Moret, AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:19601963, September 2005 (PDF).

Article: "Carotid Endarterectomy Relieves Pulsatile Tinnitus Associated with Severe Ipsilateral Carotid Stenosis," J Kirkby-Bott, H.H Gibbs, European Journal of Vascular & Endovascular Surgery, Volume 27, Issue 6, Pages 651-653, June 2004.

Article: "MR Angiography Imaging of Absence Vertebral Artery Causing of Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Case Report," *Mehmet Cudi Tuncer; **Yekta Helbest Akgül & *Özlen Karabulut,* Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Dicle University, 21280, Diyarbak¹r, Turkey.** Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Özel Diyarbakr Hospital, 21100, Diyarbakr, Turkey, International Journal of Morphology, v.28 n.2 Temuco Jun. 2010."

Article: "Endovascular Treatment of Sigmoid Sinus Aneurysm Presenting as Devastating Pulsatile Tinnitus. A Case Report and Review of Literature." Mehanna R, Shaltoni H. Morsi H, Mawad M., Interv Neuroradiol. 2010 Dec;16(4):451-4. Epub 2010 Dec 17.

"Pulsatile Tinnitus Caused by an Aneurysm of the Transverse-Sigmoid Sinus: A New Case Report and Review of Literature," Lenck S, Mosimann PJ, Labeyrie MA, Houdart E., Department of Neuroradiology, hôpital Lariboisière, 2, rue Ambroise-Paré, 75010 Paris, France, J Neuroradiol. 2012 Oct;39(4):276-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neurad.2012.02.001. Epub 2012 Sep 29. (NEW!)

Article: "Intractable Tinnitus and Sensorineural Deafness Cured by Surgical Correction of Coarctation of Aorta," S. Rathinam, A.M. Pettigrew, J.C.S. Pollack, Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 3:431-433 (2004).

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus," Don McFerran FRCS Consultant Otolaryngologist Essex County Hospital, Colchester, British Tinnitus Association, October 2007.

Article: "Pulsatile Tinnitus and Dural Arteriovenous Malformation (Dural AVM)," G. A. J. Morrison, The Journal of Laryngology & Otology (1989), 103:1073-1075 Cambridge University Press (ABSTRACT).

Article: "Medical Mystery: Giving Birth Didn't Ease a Woman's Dangerous Hypertenstion," Sandra G. Boodman, The Washington Post, October 17, 2011.

Article: "That Noise Wasn't Just Tinnitus," Sandra G. Boodman, Special to The Washington Post, July 7, 2009

Article: "What's That Noise In Her?" H. Lee Kagan, Discovery Magazine, January 2006. (About a patient with arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and her doctor whose patience and persistence paid off).

Article: "The 'Rare' Disease That Isn't," Thomas M. Burton, The Wall Street Journal, June 27, 2009

Article: "Diseases and Conditions/ Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)," Cleveland Clinic. Lists symptoms, details, treatments, and resources including Whooshers.com.

Article: Unraveling Pulsatile Tinnitus in FMD: A Report of the United States Registry For Fibromuscular Dysplasia."

Video: "A Rare Disease That May Be Underdiagnosed," Thomas M. Burton, June 26, 2009 (Hear an example of a whooshing sound in this short video)

Whooshers.com Pulsatile Tinnitus Sounds (Real Ones Recorded by Real Whooshers!)

Audio: Having trouble describing the sound you hear to others? Listen to this collection of sounds that whoosh and see if you can find a match to yours! Demonstrations: Heart Sounds & Murmurs, from the University of Washington Department of Medicine

Audio: FREE White Noise from White Noise MP3s.com

Audio: SimplyNoise.com

Whooshers.com Review: SleepPhones- Soft, comfortable headphones to help mask the whoosh for a good night's sleep.

Click Here for the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP)

Replace "ringing" with "whooshing," and here it is: our theme song.